awareness

Zen Master THICH NHAT HANH : a biography

Nov 04, 2007 taken from www.plumvillage.org

Thich Nhat Hahn One of the best known and most respected Zen masters in the world today, poet and peace & human rights activist, Thich Nhat Hanh (pronounced something like Tik · N'yat · Hawn in English, but called Thây by his students) has led an extraordinary life.

Born in central Vietnam in 1926 he joined a zen monastery at the age of sixteen. The Vietnam War, 1959-1975, confronted the monks with the question of whether to remain meditating in their monasteries, or to help the villagers suffering under the bombings and other devastations of the war. Nhat Hanh was one of those who chose to do both, helping to found the "Engaged Buddhism" movement.

His life has since been dedicated to the work of inner transformation for the benefit of both individuals and society. In the early 60s, Thich Nhat Hanh founded the School of Youth Social Service, a grass-roots relief organization in Saigon that rebuilt bombed villages, set up schools and medical centres, resettled homeless families, and organized agricultural cooperatives. Rallying some 10,000 student volunteers, the SYSS based its work on the Buddhist principles of non-violence and compassionate action. Despite government denunciation of his activity, Nhat Hanh also founded a Buddhist University, a publishing house, and an influential peace activist magazine in Vietnam.

After visiting the U.S. and Europe in 1966 on a peace mission, he was banned from returning to Vietnam in 1966. On subsequent travels to the U.S., he made the case for peace to federal and Pentagon officials including Robert McNamara. He may have changed the course of U.S. history when he persuaded Martin Luther King, Jr. to oppose the Vietnam War publicly, and so helped to galvanize the peace movement. The following year, King nominated him for the Nobel Peace Prize. Subsequently, Nhat Hanh led the Buddhist delegation to the Paris Peace Talks.

In 1982 he founded Plum Village, a Buddhist community in exile in France, where he continues his work to alleviate suffering of refugees, boat people, political prisoners, and hungry families in Vietnam and throughout the Third World. He has also received recognition for his work with Vietnam veterans, meditation retreats, and his prolific writings on meditation, mindfulness, and peace. He has published some 85 titles of accessible poems, prose, and prayers, with more than 40 in English, including the best selling Call Me by My True Names, Peace Is Every Step, Being Peace, Touching Peace, Living Buddha Living Christ, Teachings on Love, The Path of Emancipation, and Anger. In September 2001, just a few days after the suicide terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center, he addressed the issues of non-violence and forgiveness in a memorable speech at Riverside Church in New York City. In September of 2003 he addressed members of the US Congress, leading them through a two-day retreat.

Thich Nhat Hanh continues to live in Plum Village, where he teaches, writes and gardens. He also leads retreats worldwide on the art of mindful living.

Teachings
Thich Nhat Hanh's key teaching is that, through mindfulness, we can learn to live in the present moment instead of in the past and in the future. Dwelling in the present moment is, according to Nhat Hanh, the only way to truly develop peace, both in one's self and in the world.