Popular e4 Openings: first three moves

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The Italian Game

 

White

Black

1.

Pe4

Pe5

2.

Nf3

Nc6

3.

Bc4

Bc5 or Nf6

This opening turns into the Giuoco Piano
if Black plays Bc5 at move 3.
If Black plays Nf6, itís called the
Two Knights Defence.

The Spanish Game

 

White

Black

1.

Pe4

Pe5

2.

Nf3

Nc6

3.

Bb5

 

This opening is usually called the Ruy Lopez,
after a Spanish priest who was the best chess
player nearly 500 years ago.

The Four Knights Game

 

White

Black

1.

Pe4

Pe5

2.

Nf3

Nc6

3.

Nc3

Nf3

The Scotch Game

 

White

Black

1.

Pe4

Pe5

2.

Nf3

Nc6

3.

Pe4

exd