energy, work & momentum

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Work done and energy transferred are measured in joules (J). The work done on an object can be calculated if the force and distance moved are known.

  • Objects raised against the force of gravity contain gravitational potential energy.
  • Elastic objects gain elastic potential energy when they are stretched or squashed.
  • Moving objects have kinetic energy. The more mass they contain and the faster they move, the more kinetic energy they contain.

A change in momentum happens when a force is applied to an object that is moving or is able to move. The total momentum in a collision or explosion stays the same.

Conservation of momentum
Potential energy & kinetic energy
Kinetic energy formula
Test on Energy, momentum & work

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